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Technical English - ESLI-595: Sentence Structure

Welcome! In this guide, you will find resources to support your studies in ESLI 595. Use the tabs and drop-down menus to navigate this guide.

DEFINITION

SENTENCE: The sentence is the basic unit of written or verbal communication. 

Subjects & Predicates

Read more about sentence structure below: 

Practice

Although these games and quizzes are designed for K-12 students, they provide very useful practice with immediate feedback. 

SUBJECT

The subject of the sentence is the portion of the sentence about which something is said.

How can you identify a subject?

Step 1. Ask, "What action is being performed?" 

Step 2. Once you have identified the action, ask, "Who or what is performing the action?" The answer to this question is the subject of the sentence.

Sample Sentence What action is being performed?  Who/what is performing the action? Subject
The girl runs to the house.     The girl runs to the house.     The girl runs to the house.     girl 
The door slammed shut.  The door slammed shut.  The door slammed shut.  door
The sky is cloudy.  The sky is cloudy. The sky is cloudy.  sky
The volume of water is high. The volume of water is high. The volume of water is high. volume
In front of the building stood two statues. In front of the building stood two statues. In front of the building stood two statues. statues

 

PREDICATE

The predicate is the portion of the sentence that says something about the subject by using a verb to indicate what the subject is doing or is. 

Sample Sentence Who/what is the subject of the sentence? What is being said about the subject? Predicate
The girl runs to the house.     The girl runs to the house.     The girl runs to the house.     runs to the house
The door slammed shut.  The door slammed shut.  The door slammed shut.  slammed shut
The sky is cloudy.  The sky is cloudy.  The sky is cloudy.  is cloudy
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