Skip to main content

Technical English - ESLI-595: Prounouns

Welcome! In this guide, you will find resources to support your studies in ESLI 595. Use the tabs and drop-down menus to navigate this guide.

DEFINITION

PRONOUN:  A pronoun is a word that serves as a substitue for a noun. 

Pronouns

Read more about pronouns below: 

Practice

Although these games and quizzes are designed for K-12 students, they provide very useful practice with immediate feedback. 

Types of Pronouns

Type of Pronoun Definition Examples
Personal  A personal pronoun serves as is a substitute for a known or specific person, place, or thing.  I, you, she, he, it, we, they
Demonstrative demonstrative pronoun serves as a substitute for a thing or thing being pointed out.   this, that, these, those
Indefinite  An indefinite pronoun serves as a substitute for an unknown or unspecified person, place, or thing.  each, either, neither, one, etc.
Possessive possessive pronoun serves as a substitute for a person, place, or thing that is possessed.  mine, yours, his, hers, its, ours, theirs

Personal Pronouns

 A personal pronoun serves as is a substitute for a known or specific person, place, or thing. 

Sample Sentence Noun(s) Pronoun Substitution
Jasmine went to the library.  Jasmine went to the library.  She went to the library. 
Andrew is at the store.  Andrew is at the store.  He is at the store. 
I will buy the dress.  I will buy the dress I will buy it
You and I will have lunch together.  You and I will have lunch together.*  We will have lunch together. 
Jasmine and Andrew went to class.  Jasmine and Andrew went to class.  They went to class. 

 

*In this scenario, you and I are pronoun substitutions for the speaker (I) and the person to whom the speaker is speaking (you). An additional pronoun substitution may be made in the form of we

Demonstrative Pronouns

demonstrative pronoun serves as a substitute for a thing or thing being pointed out. 

Sample Sentence Noun(s) Pronoun Substitution
Lilly pointed to the sky and said, "Look at the bird!"  Lilly pointed to the sky and said, "Look at the bird!"  Lilly pointed to the sky and said, "Look at that!
Please fix the scratch.  Please fix the scratch Please fix this
Please take my clothes to the cleaners. Please take my clothes to the cleaners. Please take these to the cleaners.
I want to purchase the scarves on the top shelf.  I want to purchase the scarves on the top shelf.  I want to purchase those on the top shelf. 

Indefinite Pronouns

An indefinite pronoun serves as a substitute for an unknown or unspecified person, place, or thing. 

Singular Example (Pronoun/Verb
each Each of the girls has her own notebook. 
anybody Is anybody home? 
somebody Somebody has to take out the trash. 
nobody Nobody wants to sing. 
everybody Everybody wants cake. 
one One has to be aware of one's surroundings. 
anyone Has anyone seen my dog? 
everyone Everyone is invited to the party. 
someone Someone is available to take your call. 
neither Neither Mary nor her sister Jane is at home. 
either Either of the sofas is acceptable. 
nothing Nothing has changed. 
anything Anything is possible. 
everything Everthing has changed. 
something Something is wrong. 

 

Plural Example (Pronoun/Verb
both Both of the volunteers have been recongized for their contributions. 
several Several states support passage of the bill. 
few Many of the students would like to volunteer, but few have stepped forward. 
many Many have traveled abroad this past year. 
all All of the customers have been given a refund. 

Possessive Pronouns

possessive pronoun serves as a substitute for a person, place, or thing that is possessed. 

Sample Sentence Noun(s) Pronoun Substitution
This is my car.  The car belongs to me. The car is mine.
This is Jill's book  The book belongs to Jill The book is hers
This is Joseph's house.  The house belongs to Joseph.  The house is his.
The dog belongs to JIll and me.  The dog belongs to JIll and me The dog is ours
The computer belongs to Jill and Jasmine. The computer belongs to Jill and Jasmine. The computer is theirs
© 2019 New York Institute of Technology