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Data and Statistics: Home


  • Data is the raw information from which statistics are created.
  • Factual information: observational, experimental, simulated.
  • Example: machine-readable data files for statistical software programs.
  • Data can be analyzed and interpreted using statistical procedures to answer “why” or “how.” 
  • Data is used to create new information and knowledge.


  • Statistics provide an interpretation and summary of data.
  • Numerical data organized and interpreted.
  • Statistics are the results of data analysis. It usually comes in the form of a table, chart or graph.

Online Reference

*Who* might collect or publish this type of information?

Information can be free, require payment, freely available, or private. Common sources of information include:

  • Government Agencies – information funded by tax revenue is often free.
  • Non-Profit organizations.
  • Academic Institutions.
  • Private Sector – consider patent research.

*What* categories and formats might this information include?

Consider context terms when formulating queries.

  • Analyst reports
  • Articles
  • Company profiles
  • Country profiles
  • Economic indicators
  • Financial markets
  • Industry market research
  • Data repositories

*Where* might this information reside?

Understanding where information is located is a literacy.

  • Academic Database
  • Government
    • Unites States
    • International
  • Organization
  • Private sector

Academic Databases

  • Business Source Complete
    Full-text business publications and hundreds of scholarly, peer-reviewed journals covering all aspects of business.
  • MarketLine
    • Market and country profiles.
    • Country Statistics: Conduct quick and easy comparative analysis of macroeconomic and industry drivers for over 200 countries. Features comprehensive data and forecasts including detailed coverage of consumer demographics, incomes, and expenditures. Key indicator forecasts include GDP, inflation, exchange rates, investment, trade, population, and labor market.
  • Statista
    Statista is one of the world‘s largest statistics portals, providing data compiled from 18,000 private and public sources aggregated from North American, Europe, and Asia. All statistics and forecasts can be directly downloaded in PNG/PDF, Excel, and PowerPoint formats.
  • Journal Locator
    Search for journal titles with NYIT's journal locator.
  • NYIT Library Databases

United States

  • Bureau of Economic Analysis
    Produces statistics to demonstrate the performance of the nation's economy. Includes the most recent estimates of gross domestic product and its components, provides current compilations of national income and product accounts (NIPA) statistics, and measures of economic activity such as personal consumption of goods and services, investment, government purchases, and net exports.
  • Federal Reserve Economic Database (FRED)
    Contains economic time series data and covers a variety of indicators.
  • FedStats
    Links to statistical data portals on U.S. federal government agency statistical websites.
    Repository of raw empirical datasets from participating US federal agencies.
  • Bureau of Labor Statistics
    A federal agency that measures "labor market activity, working conditions, and price changes in the economy."
    • Current Employment Statistics
      Detailed industry data on employment, hours, and earnings of workers on nonfarm payrolls. 
    • Producer Price Index
      The Producer Price Index (PPI) program measures the average change over time in the "selling prices received by domestic producers for their output. The prices included in the PPI are from the first commercial transaction for many products and some services."
  • Census Bureau
    • Economic Indicators
      12 measurements of the U.S. economy, released monthly or quarterly.
    • Economic Census 
    • American Fact Finder 
      A searchable collection of data collected by the United States Census Bureau. Serves as the leading source of quality data about the nation's people and economy. Contains the Decennial Census, Population & Housing Census, Economic Census, Census of Governments, and the American Community Survey.
  • Financial Statistics
    Current statistical releases from the Federal Reserve. Daily, weekly, monthly, quarterly, and annual data on interest rates, exchange rates, money supply, consumer credit, flow of funds, etc. Historical data are available on FRED.
  • Statistical Abstract of the United States


  • Federal Reserve Economic Database (FRED): International Data
    Economic times series data with an international scope.
  • IMF Data
    A consolidated search portal for data complied by the IMF. Includes the ability to search by country/region and economic concepts.
  • UNdata
    Over 300 sets of economic, social, and financial statistics from a wide assortment of United Nations agencies and other international organizations.
  • World Bank Data Catalog
    The World Bank's Open Data initiative is intended to provide all users with access to World Bank data. These resources include world development indicators plus other international indicators in databases, pre-formatted tables and reports.
  • UNCTADstat
    Unilateral and bilateral country-level time series on international trade, economic trends, foreign direct investment (FDI), external financial resources, commodities and maritime transport.
  • National Bureau of Statistics in China 


  • Google 
    • site:gov, site:edu,,
    • term AROUND(4) term
    • filetypes: filetype:xls, filetype:xlsx
    • CSE
  • DataCite – Datasets across over 1000 different major data centers and repositories including ICPSR, Harvard Dataverse, Data-Planet, the California Digit.
  • Econmagic – Economic time series data. The Library does not subscribe to the forecasts or Excel files.
  • Zanran – Data & statistics search engine.
  • OECD iLibrary – Organisation for Economic Cooperation & Development's Online Library for Books, Papers and Statistics and the gateway to its analysis and data. Coverage includes development, economics, education, energy, environment, scitech, social issues, and more.



Sebastien Marion's picture
Sebastien Marion
Manhattan Library
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New York, NY, 10023
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