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Evidence-Based Medicine: Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM)

A collection of online resources to EBM.

What is PICO?

Evidence-Based decision making is based on a good question. A "well-built" question should include four parts, referred to as PICO that identify the patient problem or population (P), intervention (I), comparison (C) and outcome(s) (O). (Sackett DL, 1997. Evidence-based medicine: How to practice and teach EBM),

PICO Resources

Asking a good question (PICO)

Selected PICO Resources

The page includes: research centers,  EB Review/ systematic reviews; online databases such as biomedical databases, drug databases, Evidence-Based journals and article, research design and statistics, qualitative research resources and more.

What is Evidence-Based Medicine?

Definition of EBM

Evidence-based medicine (EBM) is the integration of best research evidence with clinical expertise and patient values.

Definition of Best Research Evidence

Clinically relevant research, often from the basic sciences of medicine, but especially from patient centered clinical research into the accuracy and precision of diagnostic tests.

Definition of Clinical Expertise

The ability to use clinical skills and past experience to rapidly identify each patient's unique health state and diagnosis, their individual risks and benefits of potential interventions, and their personal values and expectations.

Definition of Patient Values

The unique preferences, concerns and expectations each patient brings to a clinical encounter and which must be integrated into clinical decisions if they are to serve the patient.


Mahnaz Tehrani's picture
Mahnaz Tehrani
New York College of Osteopathic Medicine, Medical Library
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