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Architecture & Design: Maps & GIS

Subject and Course Reading Lists

About Geographic Information and Technologies

Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Technologies can produce maps, but its unique attribute is the ability to integrate, manipulate, and analyze spatial data and related statistical or descriptive data. 

GIS provide tools for integrating, querying, and analyzing a wide variety of data types; scientific and cultural data, satellite imagery, and aerial photography, as well as data collected by individuals. This guide provides a sample of resources loosely classified geographically and thematically for common information needs. 

What are the building blocks of a Geographic Information System?

1. Numerical Algorithms - enable you (the researcher) to assign data to a geographic reference.

2. The Statistics. Typically very large data sets because so many layers of data can be oriented to geography.

3. Optimization: the ability to orient the GIS to a particular area of research. 

Click to Review a larger explanation of GIS. 

GIS Services

We can help you:

  • Incorporate GIS into your projects.
  • Learn and Internet Mapping.
  • Locate, Interpret, and visualize GIS data.

Adapted from Boland, Maeve A. "Geographic Information Systems." Encyclopedia of Science, Technology, and Ethics,edited by Carl Mitcham, vol. 2, Macmillan Reference USA, 2005, pp. 856-857.Gale Virtual Reference Library, Accessed 26 Sept. 2017

Maps & GIS on the Internet

United States


City Data and GIS

Thematic GIS & Maps

Map & GIS Databases

Map Visualization and Spatial Anaylsis

Journals on GIS and Geospatial Technology

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