Infinitives, gerunds, and participles are verbals which function as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs.
An infinitive is the base form of a verb which includes to. It can function as a noun, adverb, or adjective.
|I have flown on several helicopters.||To fly|
|She threw the broken vase away.||To throw|
|He gave a terrific speech.||To give|
A gerund is a verb that ends with -ing and functions as a noun.
|Run||Running is good for your health.|
|Cook||Cooking is an essential skill.|
|Skip||Skipping class is inadvisible.|
A participle is a verb that ends in -ing (present) or -ed,-d,-t,-en, or -n (past). It functions as an adjective.
|Cheer||the cheering crowd|
|Deflate||the deflated balloon|
|Write||the written word|
|Spend||the spent candle|
|Blow||the blown fuse|