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Technical English - ESLI-595: Infinitives, Gerunds, & Participles

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Infinitives, gerunds, and participles are verbals which function as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs. 



An infinitive is the base form of a verb which includes to. It can function as a noun, adverb, or adjective. 

Conjugated Verbs Infinitive
I have flown on several helicopters. To fly
She threw the broken vase away.  To throw 
He gave a terrific speech.  To give


gerund is a verb that ends with -ing and functions as a noun. 

Verb Gerund
Run Running is good for your health. 
Cook Cooking is an essential skill.
Skip Skipping class is inadvisible.


participle is a verb that ends in -ing (present) or -ed,-d,-t,-en, or -n (past). It functions as an adjective. 

Verb Participle
Cheer the cheering crowd
Deflate the deflated balloon
Write the written word
Spend the spent candle 
Blow the blown fuse


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