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EENG 489 Capstone Project: Writing & Citing

This guide is for students In the EENG-489 design capstone project. It includes databases, research tips, and other resources to finalize your capstone project.

Citation Styles

Find citation and style guidelines for common computer science and engineering formats.

IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers


ACM -  Association of Computing Machinery

 Citation Comparison- IEEE, ACM, APA - Dalhousie University

Avoiding Plagiarism

"Copying word-for-word what another author has written, or even paraphrasing someone’s original text without proper attribution is plagiarism" 
IEEE Authorship Series: How to Write for Technical Periodicals & Conferences


IEEE Recognizes Five Degrees of Plagiarism:

  1. Copying someone else’s entire article, or a major portion of the article (more than 50%) verbatim, without credit to the original author(s) or copying your own previously published work (see Redundant Publication, below).
  2. Copying a large proportion (20-50%) of someone else’s work, or your own previous work, without credit.
  3. Copying without credit individual elements such as paragraphs, sentences, or illustrations, resulting in a significant portion (up to 20%) of an article.
  4. Uncredited paraphrasing of pages or paragraphs from another source.
  5. Credited verbatim copying of a major portion of an article without clear delineation, such as quotes or indents.

IEEE Authorship Series: How to Write for Technical Periodicals & Conferences

Literature Review

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